European Labour Mobility

European labour mobility is one of the fundamental freedoms of the Single European Market. Within the EU, circular migration is an increasingly important pattern of labour mobility. Migrant workers in the EU often move from low wage countries into highly regulated labour markets of Northern European member states which have comprehensive welfare states. Because most circular migrants move between social security systems and labour market regulations, they very often have very little social protection. The influx of cheap labour into developed welfare states poses a major challenge for the hosting countries. The research investigates the interaction of standard employment, labour regulation and migrant labour in the process of liberalizing highly regulated labour markets in continental Europe.


Anke Hassel und Bettina Wagner. 2018. 'Die Reform der Entsenderichtlinie: Notwendige Voraussetzung für einen besseren Binnenmarkt'. In: ifo-Schnelldienst 3/2018, S. 8-12.

Bettina Wagner, Anke Hassel 2017. Arbeitsmigration oder Auswanderung? Eine Analyse atypischer Arbeitsmigration nach Deutschland. In: WSI-Mitteilungen 6/2017, Seiten 409-420.

Anke Hassel and Bettina Wagner. 2017. The EU's "Migration Crisis": Challenge, Threat or Opportunity? In: David Natali and Bart Vanhercke (eds.) "Social Policy in the European Union - state of play 2016". ETUI-OSE Brussels.

Bettina Wagner and Anke Hassel. 2016. "Move to Work, Move to Stay? Mapping Atypical Labour Migration into Germany." In: Jon Erik Dolvik and Line Eldring (eds.). Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market. Comparative Social Research. Vol. 32.

Bettina Wagner and Anke Hassel. 2016. Posting, subcontracting and low-wage employment in the German meat industry. In: Transfer Special Issue on "Labour mobility in the EU: between economic freedom and labour standards" No. 2/2016. Here online.

Anke Hassel, Jette Steen Knudsen and Bettina Wagner. 2016. Winning the Battle or Losing the War: The Impact of European Integration on Labour Market Institutions in Germany and Denmark. Journal of European Public Policy.

Bettina Wagner and Anke Hassel. 2015. "Europäische Arbeitskräftemobilität nach Deutschland – Ein Überblick über Entsendung, Arbeitnehmerfreizügigkeit, Saisonarbeit und Niederlassungsfreiheit von EU-Bürgern in Deutschland". Forschungsbericht für die Hans-Böckler-Stiftung Nr. 301.